Someone sitting up in bed during the nightInsomnia is when you are regularly struggling with sleep problems. It can be short-term (lasting less than 3 months) or long-term (lasting more than 3 months).

If you are struggling with insomnia or sleep problems, the NHS has a sleep self-assessment which will give you a ‘sleep score’ and some tips on what you can do to improve your sleep.

Speak to your GP if changing your sleeping habits hasn’t helped, you’ve been struggling with your sleep problems for months, and your sleep problems are affecting your ability to cope in everyday life.

There is more information on insomnia on the NHS.

Sleep apnoea

Two people lay in bed, one awake and surprisedSleep apnoea is when your breathing stops and starts while you are asleep. It can cause you to wake up a lot during the night and then feel very tired in the day.

Symptoms include: breathing stopping and starting; making gasping, snorting or choking noises; waking up lots; and loud snoring.

It can be difficult to tell whether you are being affected by sleep apnoea so it can be helpful to get someone to stay with you while you sleep to see if you have the symptoms. Sleep apnoea can be serious when left untreated so contact your GP if you think you may have sleep apnoea.

There is more information on sleep apnoea on the NHS.

Useful resources

To find out more about some of the causes of insomnia, visit Sleep Foundation.

To find out more about treatments for sleep apnoea, visit British Lung Foundation.

Sleepstation provides useful articles and resources to help with sleep problems. Click here to visit their website.

There are a range of apps recommended by the NHS to help with sleep problems. Some are free and some are paid for. You may be able to get the paid apps prescribed for free on the NHS by your GP. See a list of recommended apps.

If your sleep problems are affecting your wellbeing, feel free to contact Keeping Well BLMK for advice. We can provide a safe, supportive space for you to talk about what’s going on for you. We can also help think with you about how you might want to access support and make onward referrals if needed.

To get in touch, message us on our live chat or give us a call on 01908 724 227. You can also request a call back or submit a self-referral form.

If you feel you need to talk to someone urgently, call the Samaritans for free, non-judgemental, and confidential support on 116 123 or e-mail

Updated on: 21/04/2022