Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer to affect men between the ages of 15 and 49. The good news is that, when caught early, testicular cancer is highly treatable and highly curable.

You can complete a self-check every month or so. This will help you learn how things normally look and feel, making it easier for you to notice any changes. The video from Movember below will show you how to do this, step by step.

Movember: Check your pair

When should I see my doctor?

Cancer Research UK recommends you see your doctor if you have:

  • An unusual lump or swelling in part of one testicle
  • A sharp pain in the testicle or scrotum
  • A heavy scrotum
  • An increase in the firmness or feel
  • An unusual difference between one testicle and the other

Your symptoms are unlikely to be cancer but it’s important to get them checked by a doctor.

For more information about testicular cancer, check out the links below:

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. About 1 in 8 men in the UK will develop it in their lifetime. Prostate cancer mostly affects men over the age of 50, and your risk increases with age. The risk is even higher for black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer.

You can read more about risk in Prostate Cancer UK’s infographic.

There is no national screening programme for prostate cancer. Instead, there is an informed choice programme. This is called prostate cancer risk management. Healthy men aged 50 or over can ask their GP about PSA testing and have a conversation about whether this is right for you.

A PSA test is a blood test used to measure the level of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) concentration in the blood. It’s the primary method of testing for prostate cancer and it can be carried out free on the NHS after a conversation with your GP.

Learn more about PSA tests.

If results show a raised PSA level, your GP may suggest further tests to help decide if you need further treatment.

Movember recommends:

  • When you’re 50, have a conversation with your GP about PSA testing.
  • If you’re black or have a family history of prostate cancer, have this conversation at 45.

You can learn more about prostate cancer and its signs and symptoms as well as PSA testing here:


Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of male death in the UK. There are several ways you can reduce your risk of developing heart disease. Here are some important lifestyle changes you can make:

  • Stop smoking (if you smoke). We know it’s not easy to do, but it really is one of the most important things you can do for your health. You can read our articles for help with stopping smoking here:
  • Lose excess weight. This is one of the best things you can do for your overall health. Use the NHS BMI calculator to find out if you’re a healthy weight.
    • If you want to lose weight, you’ll need to cut down on how much you eat and drink and be more active. You can find some helpful tips.
    • You can also download the NHS weight loss guide. This is a free 12 week diet and exercise plan, designed for adults with a BMI of 25 and over. Remember, it’s always a good idea to seek advice from a healthcare professional (such as your GP) before starting on any weight loss programme.
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Try to:
    • Eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day
    • Base meals on higher fibre starchy foods like potatoes, bread, rice or pasta
    • Have some dairy or dairy alternatives
    • Eat some beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other protein
    • Choose unsaturated oils and spreads, and eat them in small amounts
    • Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of fluids a day
    • For more information and advice on maintaining a healthy balanced diet, see this article: NHS Live Well.
  • Stay active. Adults should aim to do some type of physical activity every day. The NHS guidelines advise at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity a week. Moderate activity raises your heart rate and makes you breathe faster and feel warmer. Examples include brisk walking and riding a bike. Don’t worry if this seems like too much at the moment. You can gradually build up. Remember, any exercise is better than nothing. Even exercising just once or twice a week can reduce the risk of heart disease. You can find programmes, workouts and tips to get you moving here:
    • NHS Live Well: Provides programmes, workouts and tips to help you get moving.
  • Drink alcohol sensibly. The recommended alcohol intake is no more than 14 units of alcohol a week. This means not regularly drinking more than about six pints of average-strength beer or six medium (175 ml) glasses of average-strength wine. For advice on cutting down your drinking, see the following articles:

Related pages


Updated on: 15/11/2021